By Georgia L. Irby

ISBN-10: 1118372670

ISBN-13: 9781118372678

A significant other to technological know-how, know-how, and drugs in historic Greece and Rome brings a clean standpoint to the examine of those disciplines within the old international, with 60 chapters analyzing those subject matters from quite a few serious and technical views. Brings a clean standpoint to the research of technological know-how, expertise, and medication within the historical international, with 60 chapters studying those subject matters from quite a few severe and technical views starts off assurance in six hundred BCE and contains sections at the later Roman Empire and past, that includes dialogue of the transmission and reception of those principles into the Renaissance Investigates key disciplines, techniques, and activities in historical technology, know-how, and drugs in the historic, cultural, and philosophical contexts of Greek and Roman society Organizes its content material in halves: the 1st makes a speciality of mathematical and ordinary sciences the second one specializes in cultural functions and interdisciplinary subject matters.

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Extra resources for A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome

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If not, then this is a radical departure. In any event, there are important differences in that Leucippus and Democritus attribute a significant role to chance and deny any form of intelligence, design, or purpose for the universe. Contentious issues are whether this can properly be 22 Andrew D. Gregory described as a fully mechanical view (biological analogues such as membranes are used, and the explanation of the like-to-like principle is biological and agricultural rather than mechanical), and whether this is in fact or in intention an atheist view (Leucippus and Democritus do have things to say about the gods).

12 (§12, below), Aristotle produced some highly influential arguments to show that something generated could not be eternal. Early attempts at a metaphorical interpretation may well have been motivated by a desire not to be susceptible to Aristotle’s critique. The modern metaphorical view holds that if we take the cosmogony literally, there are too many evident inconsistencies in the account. The literal view argues that the inconsistencies are not so many or so problematic and, while not denying that there are inconsistencies, argues that these fall within the early warning in the Timaeus not to expect a fully consistent account.

3–9; cf. 232–233) An important factor in cosmogony for Epicurus and Lucretius is the atomic swerve. Atoms are thought to fall in straight lines. Unless there is lateral motion, atoms would never interact. So atoms have the ability to move sideways on occasions, in an unpredictable manner. Epicurus describes the origins of cosmoi: Cosmos formation occurs when the appropriate seeds flow in from one cosmos or an intercosmos or from many. Gradually, by additions and joinings and migrations to another place, as may occur, and appropriate irrigations of this matter, a state of completion and permanence is reached, which lasts while the underlying foundations are capable of being added to.

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A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome by Georgia L. Irby

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