By Paul Tillich
In 'A historical past of Christian Thought', Paul Tillich has entire the supremely tough feat of constructing a piece right now brilliantly authoritative and finished, whereas last transparent and uncluttered by way of scholarly annotation and debate. initially added as lectures on the Union Theological Seminary and on the Divinity tuition of the college of Chicago, this version has been beautifully edited via Carl E. Braaten of the Lutheran tuition of Theology in Chicago.
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Additional resources for A History of Christian Thought
He said that God, the highest form, or pure actuality (actus purus), as he called it, moves everything by being loved by everything. Everything has the desire to unite itself with the highest form, to get rid of the lower forms in which it lives, where it is in the bondage of matter. Later the Aristotelian God, as the highest form, entered into Christian theology and exerted a tremendous influence upon it. 3. The Stoics The Stoics were more important than Plato and Aristotle together for the life of the late ancient world.
This element in the Platonic tradition was used especially by the Cappadocian Fathers of the church to describe the ultimate aim of human existence. A third doctrine besides the idea of transcendence and the telos of human existence described the soul as falling down from an eternal participation in the essential or spiritual world, being on earth in a body, then trying to get rid of its bondage to the body, and finally reaching an elevation above the material world. This happens in steps and degrees.
And it is the creative power of movement of all things. Secondly, Logos means the moral law. With Immanuel Kant we could call this the "practical reason", the law which is innate in every human being when he accepts himself as a personality, with the dignity and greatness of a person. When we see the term "natural law" in classical books, we should not think of physical laws, but of moral laws. For example, when we speak of the "rights of man" as embodied in the American Constitution, we are speaking of natural law.
A History of Christian Thought by Paul Tillich