By Kevin A. Clarke
"In A version self-discipline, Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo flip a severe eye to the methodological strategy that dominates smooth political technology. Clarke and Primo contend that the field's emphasis on version checking out has resulted in a distortion of either the modeling approach and the paintings of knowledge research and can't be logically justified. The authors argue that versions will be noticeable as "objects" and therefore seemed as neither real nor fake. types may still as a substitute be evaluated for his or her usefulness for a selected objective. Divided into elements, the ebook first establishes that present perform isn't philosophy-free and rests on a few questionable assumptions. the second one half makes a speciality of the several ways in which theoretical and statistical types may be priceless, and closes with a defensible justification for integrating theoretical and statistical types. a singular paintings of method, A version self-discipline bargains a brand new point of view on long-held assumptions concerning the method examine within the social sciences could be conducted."--Publisher's website. Read more...
summary: "In A version self-discipline, Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo flip a serious eye to the methodological process that dominates smooth political technological know-how. Clarke and Primo contend that the field's emphasis on version checking out has resulted in a distortion of either the modeling technique and the paintings of information research and can't be logically justified. The authors argue that types can be noticeable as "objects" and hence considered as neither real nor fake. versions should still in its place be evaluated for his or her usefulness for a specific function. Divided into elements, the ebook first establishes that present perform isn't philosophy-free and rests on a few questionable assumptions. the second one half makes a speciality of the several ways in which theoretical and statistical versions will be necessary, and closes with a defensible justification for integrating theoretical and statistical versions. a singular paintings of technique, A version self-discipline deals a brand new viewpoint on long-held assumptions concerning the manner learn within the social sciences could be conducted."--Publisher's site
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Extra info for A model discipline: political science and the logic of representations
Step one is to “observe the world and come up with a question or puzzle” (42). Step two is to “come up with a theory or model to explain” the puzzle (43). Step three is to deduce implications from the model, and step four is to “examine whether the implications of the model are consistent with observation” (45). In step ﬁve, “if we observe the implications deduced from our theory, we simply say that our theory has been corroborated” (46). Although Clark, Golder, and Golder have The Science in Political Science 27 stretched it to ﬁve steps, the three-step method we describe forms the core of their approach.
What is true of this argument and all deductive arguments is that if the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true. Deductions are truthpreserving. Thus, if A → B and A are true, then the conclusion B must be true. In the context of our example, if the premises, “if I am on time then I will see other riders at the corner,” and “I am on time” are true, then the conclusion, “I see other riders at the corner” must be true. Because deductive arguments are truth-preserving, testing conclusions arrived at deductively is unnecessary and redundant.
A scientiﬁc explanation, according to the logical positivists, consists of a logically valid argument where the event to be explained (called the explanandum) deductively follows from the premises of the argument (called the explanans), which consist of general laws and antecedent conditions. 1 where the Li are general laws, the Cj are initial conditions, the solid line stands for a logical deduction, and E is the event to be explained. The connection between H-D and the deductive-nomological model of explanation lies in their deductive structures.
A model discipline: political science and the logic of representations by Kevin A. Clarke