By Denis Guénoun
The suggestion of the common used to be born within the lands we now name Europe, but it's exactly the common that's Europe's undoing. All eu politics is stuck in a pressure: to claim a eu identification is to be open to multiplicity, yet this very openness may well dissolve Europe as such. This e-book displays on Europe and its altering barriers over the span of twenty centuries. a piece of philosophy, it always attracts on concrete occasions. From old Greece and Rome, to Christianity, to the Reformation, to the nationwide revolutions of the 20 th century, what we this day name 'Europe' has been a succession of tasks within the identify of ecclesia or neighborhood. Empire, Church, and ecu: all were built not like an Oriental 'other.' The stakes of Europe, then, are as a lot metaphysical as political. Redefining a chain of key strategies comparable to international, position, transportation, and the typical, this booklet sheds gentle on Europe as strategy by way of enticing with the main major philosophical debates at the topic, together with the paintings of Marx, Husserl, Heidegger, Patocka, and Nancy.
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It is a moment variation of the winning learn of Finland within the English language. a quick historical past of Finland lines the old improvement of the rustic from its cost by means of the Finns within the first millennium advert to the current time, exploring Finland's prior reference to Sweden, the complicated courting with Russia that has ruled Finnish background some time past centuries, and the postwar achievements of the second one republic.
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Additional info for About Europe: Philosophical Hypotheses (Cultural Memory in the Present)
In fact, the bull has stopped near Europē and “kept licking her neck, and cast his spell over the maiden” (p. 193)—which, like the seduction by smell, is the way of an animal. Then he quietly invited her to climb (onto his broad back). Inviting her friends to do the same, she smiled and “sat down on the back of the bull”; and that is when he “leaped up immediately . . and swiftly he sped to the deep [the sea]” (p. 193). Then comes an amazing passage across the sea. The bull skips across the water without wetting its hooves.
This idea is far from obvious, despite the irreversibly familiar way in which we deal with it now: this idea demands first of all that one should change over to the thought that the world is in front. Strange hypothesis: the more obvious way is to assume it to be around oneself—in the front, the back, and on the sides. One had to come up with the idea of the world right there in front [monde 32 Europe Crossways là-devant]: as a spectacle offered to perceiving eyes, the only organs that are really frontal, whereas the ears open up a lateral world; the senses of smell and touch, a surrounding world; and taste, an interiorized world that has been absorbed, savored, or sucked.
All around, fish are dancing. Zeus is riding the waves like a dolphin. The Nereids arise and splash out of the salt water, and, “riding on the backs of sea-beasts,” form a procession trailing the couple. ” Tritons gather all around, “these hoarse trumpeters of the deep, blowing from their long conches a bridal melody” (p. 194). Europē is sitting on the bull, clasping the animal’s great horn with one hand. With the other, she gently lifts her garment to keep it out of the water. Her “deep robe” turns into a sail, “swelled out by the wind,” speeding up the journey (p.
About Europe: Philosophical Hypotheses (Cultural Memory in the Present) by Denis Guénoun