By Nicholas Capaldi

ISBN-10: 0585071543

ISBN-13: 9780585071541

ISBN-10: 084768301X

ISBN-13: 9780847683017

During this publication, distinctive philosophers debate the most arguable public coverage problems with the overdue twentieth century. every one starts through creating a case for or opposed to affirmative motion, laying out the key arguments on either side. every one writer then responds to the other's essay. Written in an enticing, available variety, Affirmative motion is a superb textual content for junior point philosophy, political concept, public coverage, and African-American reports classes in addition to a consultant for pros navigating this crucial debate.

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Subsequently, Congress passed the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 extending the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission's (EEOC) oversight to employers and unions with over fifteen members and to all state, local, and federal government employees. A council was established to coordinate the activities of the various agencies involved in enforcement of Title VII, and the EEOC was granted enforcement powers and jurisdiction over cases involving institutional patterns of exclusion. A primary justification of the 1972 bill was the realization that the enforcement machinery necessary to ensure the redistributive goals of the Civil Rights Act was woefully inadequate.

Upon taking office in 1981, he proceeded to appoint executives (William Bradford Reynolds, Justice Department; Clarence Pendelton, Jr. and Clarence Thomas, Equal Employment Opportunities Commission) and Supreme Court justices (Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy) who were hostile to the direction that affirmative action had taken. 26 Page 13 Firefighters Local Union No. 1784 v. Stotts (1984) In 1980, the city of Memphis entered into a consent decree to remedy the exclusion of Blacks from employment and promotions, and to adopt long-range plans to increase the representation of minorities in the fire department.

1 The ratio was not to be an inflexible one, but should reflect local variations in the ratio of Whites to Blacks. " This requirement was attacked by conservatives as imposing a "racial quota," a charge that reverberates in the contemporary debate concerning affirmative action. With the Montgomery bus boycotts of the mid-1950s, Blacks initiated an era of nonviolent direct action to publicly protest unjust laws and practices that supported racial discrimination. The graphic portrayals of repression and violence produced by the civil rights movement precipitated a national revulsion against the unequal treatment of African Americans.

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Affirmative Action by Nicholas Capaldi

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