By Mary T. Phillips

ISBN-10: 1461236207

ISBN-13: 9781461236207

ISBN-10: 1461281814

ISBN-13: 9781461281818

This quantity grew out of a venture to behavior a survey of the medical literature of the USA for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique goal of the survey was once to supply packground details for the improvement of a suite of advisor­ strains for using animals in study then in practise via the hot York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal examine. ! We quickly learned, despite the fact that, that the survey constituted a worthwhile source in its personal correct. during this e-book we current the result of the literature survey in addition to suitable information regarding its legislative and ancient con­ textual content. we are hoping that this fabric may be precious to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists attracted to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century section of the animal examine controversy. The time span coated via the survey was once chosen to check the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the newest laws regulating animal study, which took impact in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval during the pages of the medical literature. in the course of those 2 many years, animal re­ seek within the usa was once remodeled. Activist animal safeguard corporations catapulted problematical moral inquiries to nationwide promenade­ inence, throwing the medical community2 into turmoil.

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Additional resources for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986

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Physiol 26,3:113-114 [AB]. t5 Dodds JW, Orlans FB (eds) (1982) Scientific perspectives on animal welfare. New York: Academic Press [AB]; Sechzer JA (ed) (1983) The role of animals in biomedical research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 406. New York: The New York Academy of Sciences [AB]. 16 Beer C (1983) Motives and metaphors in considerations of animal nature. In: Pfaff DW (ed) Ethical questions in brain and behavior: Problems and opportunities. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp 125-140 [AB].

5. Medical care for animals will be available and provided as necessary by a qualified veterinarian. 6. Personnel conducting procedures on the species being maintained or studied will be appropriately qualified and trained in those procedures. 7. Methods of euthanasia will be consistent with the recommendations of the American Veterinary Medical Association Panel on Euthanasia, unless a deviation is justified for scientific reasons in writing by the investigator. 29 The committee also has the responsibility to assure that investigators maintain compliance with the PHS Policy and the Animal Welfare Act.

Each research facility covered by the Animal Welfare Act, including federal facilities, is now required to establish an Institutional Animal Committee, composed of not fewer than three members, possessing sufficient ability to assess animal care, treatment, and practices in experimental research with animals. At least one of these members should be a veterinarian, and one should be unaffiliated with the institution and is intended to provide representation of community interests. Any member of the committee "willfully" revealing confidential information is subject to a fine of up to $10,000 and 3 years imprisonment.

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Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986 by Mary T. Phillips

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